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The amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) technique was employed to assess the genetic conformity within a gene pool of evergreen azaleas. Ninety-three genotypes grown in historical gardens and nurseries of the Lake Maggiore area (Northern Italy), locally classified in the groups Indica, Japonica and Amoena, 44 reference cultivars of the four more or less universally recognized groups Belgian, Hirado, Kurume and Satsuki, and 40 species and species accessions that most concurred in the origin of the reference groups were included. Aims of the study were to define the genetic profiles of the Italian accessions and to provide useful information for their classification and pedigree reconstruction. Ordination analyses were used to evaluate if the AFLP technique can be applied to establish phylogenetic relationships and to investigate the DNA-based relatedness within the Italian gene pool and between the latter and the reference one. The results regarding the Italian accessions were compared with morphological data by means of Mantel's test. Assignment tests both on the level of the groups and on individual plant level for the reference and Italian genotypes were applied to further evaluate the relatedness of the groups or individual accessions. Results demonstrated that the AFLP technique together with morphological characterization can contribute to depict the phylogeny of the evergreen azalea. Comparing the reference and Italian genotypes, conclusions about the classification of the evergreen azalea cultivars located in the Lake Maggiore area were drawn
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuphytica
Volume158
Issue number1-2
Pages (from-to)47-66
Number of pages20
ISSN0014-2336
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

    Research areas

  • Accessions, AFLP, AFLP MARKERS, AGRICULTURE, amplified fragment length polymorphism, AREA, assignment tests, azalea, CLASSIFICATION, CULTIVARS, DNA, ERICACEAE, EVERGREEN AZALEA, EVERGREEN AZALEAS, FLOWER COLORS, FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISM, FRAGMENT-LENGTH-POLYMORPHISM, GENE, GENOTYPES, Information, INHERITANCE, LENGTH, Length polymorphism, LEVEL, MANAGEMENT, MARKERS, MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERIZATION, morphological characters, MORPHOLOGICAL DATA, NETHERLANDS, nurseries, NURSERY, PHYLOGENETIC-RELATIONSHIPS, phylogeny, PLANT, POLYMORPHISM, PROFILE, RECONSTRUCTION, REGRESSION, Rhododendron spp, RHODODENDRON-SIMSII-PLANCH, SCIENCE, TESTS, Tsutsusi

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