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Short-term effect of feedstock and pyrolysis temperature on biochar characteristics, soil and crop response in temperature soils. / Nelissen, Victoria; Ruysschaert, Greet; Müller-Stöver, Dorette; Bodé, Samuel; Cook, Jason; Ronsse, Frederik ; Shackley, Simon; Boeckx, Pascal; Hauggaard-Nielsen, Henrik.

In: Agronomy, Vol. 4, 2014, blz. 52-73.

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftA2: Artikel in een internationaal wetenschappelijk tijdschrift met peer review, dat niet inbegrepen is in A1Onderzoekpeer review

Harvard

Nelissen, V, Ruysschaert, G, Müller-Stöver, D, Bodé, S, Cook, J, Ronsse, F, Shackley, S, Boeckx, P & Hauggaard-Nielsen, H 2014, 'Short-term effect of feedstock and pyrolysis temperature on biochar characteristics, soil and crop response in temperature soils' Agronomy, vol. 4, blz. 52-73. https://doi.org/doi:10.3390/agronomy4010052

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Author

Nelissen, Victoria ; Ruysschaert, Greet ; Müller-Stöver, Dorette ; Bodé, Samuel ; Cook, Jason ; Ronsse, Frederik ; Shackley, Simon ; Boeckx, Pascal ; Hauggaard-Nielsen, Henrik. / Short-term effect of feedstock and pyrolysis temperature on biochar characteristics, soil and crop response in temperature soils. In: Agronomy. 2014 ; Vol. 4. blz. 52-73.

Bibtex

@article{39bfea48cc60450daff13dfb63195a2a,
title = "Short-term effect of feedstock and pyrolysis temperature on biochar characteristics, soil and crop response in temperature soils",
abstract = "At present, there is limited understanding of how biochar application to soil could be beneficial to crop growth in temperate regions and which biochar types are most suitable. Biochar’s (two feedstocks: willow, pine; three pyrolysis temperatures: 450°C, 550°C, 650°C) effect on nitrogen (N) availability, N use efficiency and crop yield was studied in northwestern European soils using a combined approach of process-Based and agronomic experiments. Biochar labile carbon (C) fractions were determined and a phytotoxicity test, sorption experiment, N incubation experiment and two pot trials were conducted. Generally, biochar caused decreased soil NO3−availability and N use efficiency, and reduced biomass yields compared to a control soil. Soil NO3−concentrations were more reduced in the willow compared to the pine biochar treatments and the reduction increased with increasing pyrolysis temperatures, which was also reflected in the biomass yields. Woody biochar types can cause short-term reductions in biomass production due to reduced N availability. This effect is biochar feedstock and pyrolysis temperature dependent. Reduced mineral N availability was not caused by labile biochar C nor electrostatic NH4+/NO3−sorption. Hence, the additionof fresh biocharmight in some cases require increased fertilizer N application to avoid short-term crop growth retardation.",
author = "Victoria Nelissen and Greet Ruysschaert and Dorette M{\"u}ller-St{\"o}ver and Samuel Bod{\'e} and Jason Cook and Frederik Ronsse and Simon Shackley and Pascal Boeckx and Henrik Hauggaard-Nielsen",
year = "2014",
doi = "doi:10.3390/agronomy4010052",
language = "English",
volume = "4",
pages = "52--73",
journal = "Agronomy",
issn = "2073-4395",
publisher = "MDPI AG",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Short-term effect of feedstock and pyrolysis temperature on biochar characteristics, soil and crop response in temperature soils

AU - Nelissen, Victoria

AU - Ruysschaert, Greet

AU - Müller-Stöver, Dorette

AU - Bodé, Samuel

AU - Cook, Jason

AU - Ronsse, Frederik

AU - Shackley, Simon

AU - Boeckx, Pascal

AU - Hauggaard-Nielsen, Henrik

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - At present, there is limited understanding of how biochar application to soil could be beneficial to crop growth in temperate regions and which biochar types are most suitable. Biochar’s (two feedstocks: willow, pine; three pyrolysis temperatures: 450°C, 550°C, 650°C) effect on nitrogen (N) availability, N use efficiency and crop yield was studied in northwestern European soils using a combined approach of process-Based and agronomic experiments. Biochar labile carbon (C) fractions were determined and a phytotoxicity test, sorption experiment, N incubation experiment and two pot trials were conducted. Generally, biochar caused decreased soil NO3−availability and N use efficiency, and reduced biomass yields compared to a control soil. Soil NO3−concentrations were more reduced in the willow compared to the pine biochar treatments and the reduction increased with increasing pyrolysis temperatures, which was also reflected in the biomass yields. Woody biochar types can cause short-term reductions in biomass production due to reduced N availability. This effect is biochar feedstock and pyrolysis temperature dependent. Reduced mineral N availability was not caused by labile biochar C nor electrostatic NH4+/NO3−sorption. Hence, the additionof fresh biocharmight in some cases require increased fertilizer N application to avoid short-term crop growth retardation.

AB - At present, there is limited understanding of how biochar application to soil could be beneficial to crop growth in temperate regions and which biochar types are most suitable. Biochar’s (two feedstocks: willow, pine; three pyrolysis temperatures: 450°C, 550°C, 650°C) effect on nitrogen (N) availability, N use efficiency and crop yield was studied in northwestern European soils using a combined approach of process-Based and agronomic experiments. Biochar labile carbon (C) fractions were determined and a phytotoxicity test, sorption experiment, N incubation experiment and two pot trials were conducted. Generally, biochar caused decreased soil NO3−availability and N use efficiency, and reduced biomass yields compared to a control soil. Soil NO3−concentrations were more reduced in the willow compared to the pine biochar treatments and the reduction increased with increasing pyrolysis temperatures, which was also reflected in the biomass yields. Woody biochar types can cause short-term reductions in biomass production due to reduced N availability. This effect is biochar feedstock and pyrolysis temperature dependent. Reduced mineral N availability was not caused by labile biochar C nor electrostatic NH4+/NO3−sorption. Hence, the additionof fresh biocharmight in some cases require increased fertilizer N application to avoid short-term crop growth retardation.

U2 - doi:10.3390/agronomy4010052

DO - doi:10.3390/agronomy4010052

M3 - A2: International peer reviewed article (not A1-type)

VL - 4

SP - 52

EP - 73

JO - Agronomy

JF - Agronomy

SN - 2073-4395

ER -